Indonesian Flights Held Hostage By Volcanic Eruption

Rinjani One Of Indonesia’s Most Popular Treks

Flights have been grounded across Indonesia due to ongoing eruptions from Mt. Rinjani. Rinjani is ejecting ash up to 14,000 feet and causing hazardous flying conditions in and around the airports on the islands of Bali and Lombok.

The eruption has caused airport closures for over 120 miles, including the Bali International Airport, where airplanes have been grounded and wrapped to ensure ash does not infiltrate the aircraft engines. To date, 6,000 passengers have been stranded Rinjani eruption.

Despite the significant disruption to air traffic in the area, this eruption is minor for Rinjani, which has had larger eruptions periodically. The last eruption was from February 2010 to May 2010 with a Volcanic Explosion Index (VEI) of 2. The Rinjani caldera (a crater formed by volcanic collapse or explosion) formed in the 13th century with a VEI of 7. This eruption was large enough to deposit ash and sulfur in the Arctic and is thought to may have triggered the Little Ice Age, a global cooling period starting around 1250 AD. This eruption was the largest in the past 2000 years and is a significant eruption in literature as the timing was coincident with humans learning to write.

Mt. Rinjani Lombok Indonesia

Since the 13th century, Rinjani has been known to repeatedly erupt at low levels that do not pose significant risk to local residents and has become a normal part of life in an archipelago with 127 active volcanoes. Rinjani is part of what’s known as the Pacific Ring of Fire, a string of volcanoes that wrap around the greater Pacific Ocean.

Approximately 90% of all earthquakes around the world occur as a part of this Ring of Fire. These eruptions are due to the slow spreading of the Pacific Ocean along the East Pacific Rise as part of global plate tectonics. 

Mt. Rinjani volcano Lombok Indonesia

What’s certain is that the volcanism occurring from subduction of the Pacific Plate underneath the Australian Plate will cause future significant eruptions along the string of Indonesian islands. With better technology and monitoring, volcanologists can hopefully better predict the likelihood of a large eruption and warn local populations across Indonesia.

Indonesia Adventure News via http://www.forbes.com/sites/trevornace/2015/11/06/flights-cancelled-across-indonesia-rinjani-eruptions/

Indonesia tourism marketing and public relations firm

Crossbow Communications specializes in international marketing, issue management and public affairs. Indonesia is one of our regions of expertise. Our President and founder is the author of the Language and Travel Guide to Indonesia. Please contact Gary Chandler at gary@crossbow1.com. Visit Indonesia.

Language and Travel Guide To Indonesia

Indonesia’s Archaeology Still Unfolding

Hidden Gems Across Indonesia

Many of the world’s most important archaeological sites have been found in Indonesia. Java man, Flores (Hobbit) man, Borobudur, Prambanan and many other discoveries have drawn explorers from near and far. Much more ancient history is unfolding across Indonesia today.

gunung padang

Gunung (mountain) Padang is a megalithic site located in Karyamukti village in the West Java Province. It’s about 50 km southwest of the city of Cianjur. Some are calling it the largest megalithic site in all of Southeast Asia.

The massive Indonesian site was put on the international map in the publication Rapporten van de Oudheidkundige Dienst (Report of the Department of Antiquities) in 1914. Dutch historian N. J. Krom also mentioned it in 1949. Employees of the National Archeology Research Centre studied the site in 1979.

gunung padang Indonesiapadang pyramid

The site in West Java covers a hill in a series of terraces bordered by retaining walls of stone that are reached by about 400 andesite steps. It is covered with massive rectangular stones.

Sundanese culture considers the site sacred. They believe King Siliwangi built the structure in one night. It faces northwest, toward the Mount Gede volcano. The site was completed by 5000 BC. The entire hill may itself be an ancient pyramid. So far, researchers have found:

    • Based on geoelectric, georadar, and geomagnetic testing, there is a structure beneath the surface with large chambers;
    • Many man-made artifacts have been discovered;
    • The construction of the site spans four eras;
    • The site was dated 6,500 years BP (before present) by carbon radiometric dating at 3–4 meters below the surface (12,500 years at 8 to 10 meters below the surface), and the artifacts at the surface date to about 4,800 years BP;
    • The site area is approximately 25 hectares. The massive Borobudur temple occupies only 1.5 hectares.
    • Walls of the terraces are similar to those found at Machu Picchu in Peru.

Dr. Danny Hilman is responsible for the archaeological team on the site. They also announced the discovery of a metal device that is presumed to be the worlds oldest electrical instrument. According to researchers, this object is made out of gold and copper and seems to resemble a primitive capacitor. 

Indonesia pyramids

The discovery of the electrical device at  Gunung Padang  is getting a lot of attention. Former President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia visited the site and congratulated the researchers. According to archaeologists, the subsurface layers at Gunung Padang might be more than 12,000 years old. Finding an electrical device in that area suggests that ancient man mastered electricity thousands of years ago.

Previously, the researchers found giant bowls, rivers and springs, domes, towers, aquifers and a transmitter. Magnetic anomalies are found in these locations.

Mount Sadahurip is another pyramid shaped hill in West Java, near Cicapar Sand Village. Mount Sadahurip, dubbed the Garut Pyramid, is undergoing verification tests to see if the mount is indeed a man-made (or partially man-made) structure.

Garut Pyramid Java Indonesia

The Garut Pyramid is larger than the Great Pyramid of Giza and could be far older. By using geo-electric instruments, surveyors are measuring the resistance of the geological layers, while seeking additional funding to begin excavations. An initial survey determined that the structure is unlikely to be of natural formation.

Bada Valley, Sulawesi features several megaliths throughout a remote area in the Poso Regency on the island of Sulawesi. It is part of Lore Lindu National Park. Bada Valley features dozens of ancient megaliths and several large stone caldrons. The objects remain a mystery.

Bada Sulawesi monolith

Bada Valley Indonesia archeology

Bada Valley Indonesia

Bada Valley Indonesia monolith

Sulawesi monoliths

The carved megaliths are between 1,000-5,000 years old. They’re scattered across the valley. When asked about the origin of these statues, locals explain that they’ve always been here. Some believe they were used in ancestral worship or may have had something to do with human sacrifice. Others believe that these statues ward off evil spirits. One legend tells that they are criminals which were turned to stone, and there is even a superstition that the statues can disappear or move from place to place. Some have even been reported found in slightly different locations. These statues are made from a type of stone not found anywhere near the area.

Tanah Toraja, Sulawesi. More monoliths are found throughout Torajah land and lives.

torajah sulawesi

Tanah toraja monolith

Cipari, Java is a Neolithic settlement in the Kuningan district of West Java, northeast of Bogor. Megalithic formations are found here. They are dated at around 1000 BCE.

cipari Indonesia archaeology cipari

Sumba features many monoliths, including tombs:

sumba east nusa tenggara

Pyramid Lalakon, West Java. Much work remains, but it fits the profile of similar-shaped mounds in the region.

pyramid lalakon West Java

Candi Sukuh, West Java resembles Mayan-style temples.

candi Sukuh Temple

Gunung Kawi, Bali

gunung kawi bali

Nias, Sumatra

Nias Sumatra monolith

Candi Sambisari, Java

Candi Sambisari temple

Indonesia is best known for its famous and elegant temples, including Borobudur, Tanah Lot, Uluwatu and many others. However, these emerging and lesser-known gems are worth the trip. As a fan of Ancient Aliens and ancient arts and culture, this is a topic that I love. If you have stories and photos to share, please contact me.

Indonesia tourism marketing and public relations firm

Crossbow Communications specializes in international marketing, issue management and public affairs. Indonesia is one of our regions of expertise. Our President and founder is the author of the Language and Travel Guide to Indonesia. Please contact Gary Chandler at gary@crossbow1.com. Visit Indonesia.

Language and Travel Guide To Indonesia

Bali Now Served By Emirates Airline

Daily Non-Stops Already Serve Jakarta

Bali ho. Dubai-based airline Emirates officially launched a daily flight from Dubai in the United Arab Emirates to Indonesia’s most prominent tourism destination, Bali, with an inaugural flight on Wednesday.

The flight marked the commencement of Emirates’ non-stop daily flight to Bali, its second destination in Indonesia after Jakarta, the airline said. The EK 398 flight arrived in Bali at 9:40 p.m local time carrying Emirates’ top officials, journalists and passengers from 40 different cities from around the world, including Moscow, Frankfurt, Amsterdam and New York. Emirates will use Boeing 777-300ER airplanes for the fleet serving the Dubai-Bali route.

Mt. Bromo Java Indonesia

Barry Brown, divisional senior vice president of commercial operations East at Emirates, said Bali is a main tourism destination and an important market for Emirates as there was high interest in the island.

“We are pleased to now be able to serve this demand and contribute to the island’s economic and tourism growth. We also look forward to connecting passengers from Bali to Dubai and onward to more than 80 destinations in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and the Americas through one convenient stop at our world-class hub,” Brown said.

I Gde Pitana, resources development head at the Ministry of Tourism, welcomed the new route saying it would boost tourism in Bali — which recorded 3.7 million foreign visitors last year.

Bali monkey dance

“The island continues to attract tourists from around the world, and a direct route to and from Dubai with Emirates will help to increase access to other parts of the world, bringing new opportunities for travelers and businesses alike,” he said.

Bali is Emirate’s 146th global destination, adding to the airline’s routes in the Asia Pacific region which currently serves 18 destinations in 11 countries in Asia. The airline also provides Emirates SkyCargo service which offers 294 tons of cargo per week from Dubai to Bali and vice versa.

The cargo that could be carried from Bali included marine products such as tuna, household goods, leather goods and handicrafts which mainly will be delivered to European countries. Moreover, the airline said there are also household goods, pharmaceuticals and automotive parts will also be imported not only to Bali but to other cities in Indonesia, including Surabaya and Balikpapan.

tourism Lombok Indonesia

Emirates first included Jakarta in their international route in 1992 through Singapore and Colombo. By March 2013, the airline began operating a daily three non-stop flights a week from Jakarta to Dubai.

Indonesia Tourism News via http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/business/emirates-officially-opens-dubai-bali-route/

Indonesia tourism marketing and public relations firm

Crossbow Communications specializes in international marketing, issue management and public affairs. Indonesia is one of our regions of expertise. Our President and founder is the author of the Language and Travel Guide to Indonesia. Please contact Gary Chandler at gary@crossbow1.com. Visit Indonesia.

Language and Travel Guide To Indonesia

Indonesia Tourists Threaten Boycotts After Traffickers Executed

Little Impact Reported By Tour Operators

Travel operators in Australia say they do not expect a drop in the number of travelers to Indonesia, despite calls for a boycott after the execution of two Australians along with six others this week.

Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran were among eight people executed by firing squad early Wednesday morning. Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott said it “cannot be business as usual” with Indonesia, after the latest executions for drug trafficking.

Indonesia tourism

Australia withdrew its ambassador in response and there have been calls on social media to boycott Indonesia. Several companies said travelers showed few signs of being deterred.

“At the moment it doesn’t look like there’s been any impact so far on the demand,” said the Qantas Airways chief executive Alan Joyce. “Despite anger at the Indonesian government a lot of customers recognize that boycotting Bali is only going to damage the local population,” he added.

A spokesman for the Flight Centre travel group told the BBC the island of Bali had long been among the top three most popular destinations for Australian travelers.

“We have not had customers changing their holiday plans and we wouldn’t have expected to, as they would have been aware of this case when those bookings were made,” said Haydn Long. “Overall, I think Bali will continue to be a really popular choice for Australian travelers, but it is certainly possible that some people may consider other alternatives in the current climate.”

Online travel agency Webjet said demand from Australians for flights to Bali had in fact risen by 42 percent over the past four weeks compared with the same period a year earlier.

The chief executive, John Guscic, said there was often little link between overseas events and traveling habits.

“Whenever there has been a political event historically, if there is a period of suppressed bookings, it picks up very quickly and reverts to the underlying performance of the market,” the Sydney Morning Herald reported him saying.

Bali 9 executions

Some Australians have vowed on social media never to visit Indonesia again using the #BoycottBali or #BoycottIndonesia hashtags. Others, however, say such views are hypocritical, given several other popular travel destinations use the death sentence, and a boycott would only harm local people who depend on tourism.

Australian Prime Minister, Tony Abbott, condemned the eight executions as “cruel and unnecessary.” Filipina Mary Jane Veloso’s execution was postponed at the last minute.

But despite the unprecedented step of recalling his ambassador, he said the relationship between Australia and Indonesia “is important, remains important, will always be important, will become more important as time goes by.”

Indonesia says it takes a hard line because of the country’s own drugs problem – 33 Indonesians die every day as a result of drugs, according to Indonesia’s National Narcotics Agency. The country has some of the toughest drug laws in the world and ended a four-year moratorium on executions in 2013.

Indonesia Travel News via http://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-32527626

Indonesia tourism marketing and public relations firm

Crossbow Communications specializes in international marketing, issue management and public affairs. Indonesia is one of our regions of expertise. Our President and founder is the author of the Language and Travel Guide to Indonesia. Please contact Gary Chandler at gary@crossbow1.com. Visit Indonesia.

Language and Travel Guide To Indonesia

Indonesia Attracts Record Number Of Tourists

Indonesia Sets Goal Of 20 Million Tourists By 2019

Indonesia’s National Statistics Board informed that the total number of  international tourist arrivals to Indonesia nationwide during January to November 2014 reached 8.52 million, a growth rate of 7.29 percent year over 2013. Based on these figures Indonesia is confident that the target of 9.3 million for the entire year of  2014 has been achieved and even surpassed. Similarly the target of 251 million trips by domestic tourists has also been achieved , said Tourism Minister Arief Yahya.

Indonesia tourism growing fast

In 2014, the tourism sector contributed US Dollars 10.69 billion in foreign exchange, 10.3 million are employed in the tourism sector, giving a share of  4.01 percent to our Gross National Product (GNP). While Indonesia’s Tourism is ranked at no. 70 in the world according to the World Economic Forum. Based on these achievements, therefore, the 2015  target of 10 million International arrivals and 254 domestic trips are within reach, said Yahya.

November arrivals to Indonesia nationwide actually experienced a decline of 5.32 percent year on year. Highest drop was felt at the airport of Manado, North Sulawesi at – 42.04 percent while lowest slide was experienced in Batam with -0.27 percent. While highest monthly growth was at Jakarta’s seaport of Tanjung Priok expanding 16.69 percent.

Uluwatu temple Bali

Meanwhile from Bali it is reported that direct arrivals to Indonesia’s prime tourist destination experienced a hefty growth of 14.78 percent  reaching 3.41 million direct foreign arrivals, compared to 2.97 million the same period in 2013. These entered mostly by air but also by cruise ships, said Panusunan Siregar, Head of the Provincial National Statistics Board in Denpasar. With a target of 2.9 million tourists for 2014, Bali has already exceeded its annual target.

Mt. Bromo Java Indonesia

The majority of visitors to Bali came from the following nations:

Australia 895,069 (an 18.7 percent increase and 26.18 percent share of total);

China 539,371 (a surge of 49.28 percent);

Malaysia 198,133 tourists (up from 172,487);

Japan 195,541 tourists (up 1.64 percent);

Singapore 155,892;

South Korea 132,218;

French 121,471;

British 116,800;

Taiwan declined to 106,850; and

United States, 100,414 tourists.

surf Sumatra

The ministry will continue to promote Indonesia’s tourism in the maritime, ecology and adventure sectors, in addition to promoting shopping, sports, body treatment, leisure and culinary activities, among others.

tourism Lombok Indonesia

Indonesia Tourism News via http://indonesia.travel/en/news/detail/1526/indonesia-surpasses-9-3-million-tourist-arrivals-2014-target-tourists-to-bali-surged-by-14-78

Indonesia tourism marketing and public relations firm

Crossbow Communications specializes in international marketing, issue management and public affairs. Indonesia is one of our regions of expertise. Our President and founder is the author of the Language and Travel Guide to Indonesia. Please contact Gary Chandler at gary@crossbow1.com. Visit Indonesia.

Language and Travel Guide To Indonesia

Bali’s Most Stunning Temples

Religion The Center Of Balinese Culture

No visit to Bali would be complete without a trip to see at least one of Bali’s many Hindu temples. There are over 20,000 pura (Balinese for temple) in Bali, a widespread marker of Bali’s reverent culture. The most impressive temples include:

Pura Besakih

The holiest of all temples in Bali, the Mother Temple of Pura Besakih is located some 3,000 feet up Gunung Agung in East Bali. This sprawling complex consolidates 23 separate temples, some dating back to the 10th century. The temple’s main axis aligns with the peak of Gunung Agung, the tallest mountain and holiest site on Bali.

Bali pura besakih

Pura Besakih narrowly escaped destruction in 1963, as lava flow from Gunung Agung’s killer eruption missed the temple by mere yards. Today, Pura Besakih is a major draw for tourists and for devout Balinese.

Pura Gunung Kawi

Located about a mile south of Tampaksiring, Bali’s “Valley of the Kings” is located in a ravine between ricefields. The Pakerisan river flows through this ravine, and the cliffs flanking the river feature shrines carved into the stone honoring kings and queens from the 11th century. The Balinese – big believers in the holiness of water – believe that the river sanctifies Pura Gunung Kawi.

Bali temple Gunung Kawi

The site isn’t a temple per se, nor is it a tomb – the royalty honored here were likely cremated according to Balinese custom.

Tirta Empul

The sacred spring that feeds Tirta Empul provides holy water for priests and bathing for ordinary Balinese, who believe that a dip hereabouts can bring good fortune and health. An offering must first be made at the temple before you can climb into the long main pool to bathe and meditate.

Bali tirta empul temple

Legend has it that the god Indra created the spring Tampaksiring (namesake of the nearby town) as an antidote to a poisonous spring created by an evil demon king. In reality, Tirta Empul was probably built in 926 AD during the Balinese Warmadewa dynasty. A villa complex nearby houses government VIPs; it was originally constructed for former President Sukarno in the 1950s.

Goa Gajah

Known as the Elephant Cave, Goa Gajah seems strangely free from elephants until you realize it takes its name from its proximity to the Elephant River. (Which is also strangely lacking in elephants.) Goa Gajah’s key attraction is the menacing entrance to the cave – the surrounding rock has been carved into a face, mouth agape.

Bali Goa Gajah

The interior of the cave features a statue of the Hindu god Ganesha and a worship area devoted to the Hindu god Shiva. Goa Gajah probably dates back to the 11th century, and is mentioned in a poem that dates back to the 1300s.

Pura Tanah Lot

Perhaps the most frequently featured temple on Bali’s postcards due to its unique offshore setting and sunset backdrops, Tanah Lot also happens to be one of Bali’s most important temples. Tanah Lot stands on a rock some distance from the shore, towering over the sea. Access to the temple is limited to low tide; even so, this picturesque temple is barraged by visitors.

Tanah Lot temple Bali

The temple’s construction was supposedly inspired by the priest Nirartha in the 15th century; after spending the night on the rock outcrop where the temple now stands, he instructed local fishermen to build a temple on that site. Today, Tanah Lot is regarded as one of Bali’s most important directional temples. A multimillion-dollar restoration effort in the 1990s saved Tanah Lot from falling into the sea.

As one of Bali’s most popular temples, Tanah Lot is surrounded by crowds and vendors. Do not visit if it’s peace and quiet you’re after, but do come if you’re after a great sunset view.

Pura Taman Ayun

Built in the 1600s by the King of Mengwi, Pura Taman Ayun survives today as a beautiful example of a royal public temple. The descendants of the Mengwi royal family still sponsor the temple, which also serves as the clan kawitantemple (a temple dedicated to the worship of the deified ancestors, in this case the previous rulers of the Mengwi royal family).

Bali's temple Taman Ayun

“Taman Ayun” means “beautiful garden”; a moat surrounds the temple, which gives the complex the appearance of floating on water. A landscaped front courtyard entered through an ornamental candi bentar (split front gate) adds to the temple’s beauty.

Pura Ulun Danau Bratan

This temple on the shores of Lake Bratan is second only to Pura Besakih in significance, but for rice farmers in Bali, this temple is the foremost on the island. Pura Ulun Danau Bratan is the primary temple in the many temples and shrines that punctuate the subak irrigation system popular in Bali. The temple is dedicated to the worship of the goddess of lakes and rivers, Dewi Batari Ulun Danau.

Lake Bratan temple Bali

Part of the temple is located on the mainland, while a significant section seems to “float” on the lake, being set on an island just off the mainland temple complex. An 11-roof meru (pagoda) sits on the island section, a towering beauty surrounded by a placid lake.

Pura Luhur Uluwatu

Pura Luhur Uluwatu is both a major Balinese temple – one of the six sad kahyangan revered by all Balinese – and the site of a nightly kecak performance that reenacts the Ramayana through chanting men, masked actors and a dramatic fire-dance.

Uluwatu temple Bali

Pura Luhur Uluwatu was first constructed by a Javanese Hindu guru in the 10th century. The whole temple stands on a cliff soaring 200 feet above a prime Bali surfing spot in the westernmost part of South Bali – the temple’s name refers to its position “at the head of the rock”, and visitors get an eyeful of the sea as it breaks against the base of the cliffs below. The view is especially beautiful during sunset.

Pura Goa Lawah

The temple of Pura Goa Lawah in East Bali iincludes a cave inhabited by thousands of bats. A black-sand beach nearby makes Goa Lawah a popular site for post-cremation purification, for the Balinese families that can afford it.

Bali pura goa lawah temple

The Javanese priest Nirartha supposedly visited the cave back in the 15th century. Legend has it that the cave interior extends over 19 miles underground to emerge at Pura Besakih.

For more information about Bali, visit http://indonesiantravelbook.com/bali-travel-tips/

Indonesia tourism marketing and public relations firm

Crossbow Communications specializes in international marketing, issue management and public affairs. Indonesia is one of our regions of expertise. Our President and founder is the author of the Language and Travel Guide to Indonesia. Please contact Gary Chandler at gary@crossbow1.com. Visit Indonesia.

Language and Travel Guide To Indonesia

Indonesia’s Top Travel Destinations

Travel To Bali, Borneo, Java, Sumatra

Indonesia is a huge country, in both population and land area, with significant cultural and geological diversity. With 18,110 islands, 6,000 of them inhabited, it is the largest archipelago in the world. The population of around 240 million people is derived from 300 ethnic groups who speak over 250 different languages. While Bali is usually the destination most familiar to foreign visitors, there is a wealth of other top tourist attractions in Indonesia to discover in this vast and varied country.

Lake Toba Sumatra Indonesia

Lake Toba, Sumatra. Lake Toba on the island of Sumatra is an immense volcanic lake about 100 kilometers long and 30 kilometers wide. Formed by a gigantic volcanic eruption some 70,000 years ago, it is the largest resurgent caldera on Earth. Genetic estimates suggests that there were only a few thousand humans that survived the catastrophe. The island in the middle – Pulau Samosir – is the largest island within an island and contains two lakes. Besides visiting “a lake on an island within a lake on an island” tourist also come here to kick back and relax and swim in the volcanically warmed waters.

Indonesia orangutan conservation

Tanjung Puting, Kalimantan. The Tanjung Puting National Park is located on the island of Borneo in the Indonesian province of Central Kalimantan. The park is a popular ecotourism destination, with many local tour companies offering multi-day boat tours to view wildlife and visit the research centers. Wildlife include gibbons, macaques, clouded leopards, sun bears, pythons, crocodiles and – most famously – orangutans. Unfortunately the park is heavily threatened by illegal logging and forest clearing for agricultural uses.

Dani tribe Papua

Baliem Valley, Papua. The Baliem Valley in the highlands of Papua (Western New Guinea) offers a glimpse into what was recently a stone-age world. The valley was not known to the outside world until 1938 when an aerial reconnaissance flight southwards from Hollandia (now Jayapura) discovered a large agricultural population. Wamena is the starting point for most visitors who come nowadays to marvel at the mountain views, roaring rivers, tribal villages and at the tough but sweet spirit of the warm Dani people.

Mt. Bromo Java Indonesia

Mount Bromo, Java. Gunung Bromo is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java. At 2,329 meters (7,641 feet) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but it is the most well known. The area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Indonesia and Java. The top of the volcano has been blown off and the crater inside constantly belches white smoke. It is surrounded by the Sea of Sand of fine volcanic sand. The overall effect is unsettlingly unearthly.

Bunaken Sulawesi scuba diving

Bunaken, Sulawesi. Located at the north of the island of Sulawesi, Bunaken is one of Indonesia’s most famous dive and snorkeling areas. The island is part of the Bunaken Marine Park where you can see more than 70 percent of all fish species that live in the western Pacific ocean. The best time for diving in Bunaken is between the months of April and November.

Tanah toraja

Torajaland, Sulawesi. Torajaland (Tana Toraja) is a highland region of South Sulawesi, home of the Toraja people. Torajans are famous for their massive peaked-roof houses known as tongkonan and spectacular but gruesome funeral rites. After a person’s death, the body is kept – often for several years – until the actual funeral ceremony which can last for several days. The deceased is then finally buried in a small cave or in a hollow tree.

Gili islands Lombok Beach

Gili Islands, Lombok. Lombok’s most popular tourist destination, the Gili Islands are an archipelago of three small islands: Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno and Gili Air. The islands are very relaxed and laid-back, with countless little beachside cafes still playing reggae and no cars or motorbikes to disturb the peace. Note that the name “Gili Islands” is rather redundant as gili simply means “small island” in Sasak and there are many other islands around the coast of Lombok with Gili in their names.

Komodo dragon

Komodo National Park, Komodo Island. The Komodo National Park is a national park located within the Lesser Sunda Islands that includes the three larger islands Komodo, Padar and Rincah, and 26 smaller ones. The park is named after the Komodo Dragon, the world’s largest living reptile that can reach 3 meters or more in length and weigh over 70kg. Although Komodo dragons eat mostly carcass of dead animals, they are formidable predators and will also hunt prey including birds, and mammals. Attacks against humans are very rare.

Borobudur temple Java Indonesia

Borobudur, Java. Located 40 km (25 miles) northwest of Yogyakarta on Java, the Borobudur is the one of the most famous Buddhist temple in the world. The Borobudur was built over a period of some 75 years in the 8th and 9th centuries by the kingdom of Sailendra, out of an estimated 2 million blocks of stone. It was abandoned in the 14th century for reasons that still remain a mystery and for centuries lay hidden in the jungle under layers of volcanic ash. Today it is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Indonesia.

Bali rice terraces

Bali. Bali is one of the world’s most popular island destinations and one which consistently wins travel awards. The varied landscape, rugged coastlines, tropical beaches, lush rice terraces and volcanic hillsides all provide a picturesque backdrop to its colorful, deeply spiritual and unique Hindu culture. The combination of friendly people, a magnificently visual culture infused with spirituality and spectacular beaches with great surfing and diving have made Bali the unrivaled number one tourist attraction in Indonesia.

Indonesian tourist destinations

Source: http://www.touropia.com/tourist-attractions-in-indonesia/

Indonesia tourism marketing and public relations firm

Crossbow Communications specializes in international marketing, issue management and public affairs. Indonesia is one of our regions of expertise. Our President and founder is the author of the Language and Travel Guide to Indonesia. Please contact Gary Chandler at gary@crossbow1.com. Visit Indonesia.

Language and Travel Guide To Indonesia

Garuda Indonesia Raises Passenger Target

Indonesia’s Tourism Booming

Having a population of around 245 million people and comprising about 17,500 islands stretching from Papua to Sumatra, Indonesia is a very promising market for the airline industry.

“The market potential that had not yet been exploited was large,” National flag carrier Garuda Indonesia President Director Emirsyah Satar stated in Jakarta last week.

golf Indonesia

Indonesia’s air traffic passengers rose to 94.9 million last year or 39 percent of the total population of the country, which was 244.5 million. While in several other countries the number of air traffic passengers was higher than the population of the countries, for example, Singapore, which had an air traffic passenger of 39 million while its population was only 5.4 million or 722 percent of its total population.

The country’s flourishing economy had also contributed to the airline industry’s improving potential. Indonesia was predicted to become the worlds seventh biggest economy by 2030.

Sumatra tiger conservation

As part of its business expansion strategies, Garuda had improved its services, convenience and security as well as established alliances with a number of other airlines by joining the SkyTeam. The airline had received the certificate of IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) from IATA, meaning that Garuda had fully met the international flight security standard.

Garuda, which carried 90,108 Indonesian hajj pilgrims to Saudi Arabia last year, won the title of “The Best Airline” for the Hajj Season 1434H/2013 from the kingdoms Abdul Aziz International Airport aviation authorities. Last year, it also won “The Worlds Best Economy Class 2013″ award from Syktrax and was placed 13th in the Skytrax Global Airline Rankings. Emirates, Qatar Airways, and Singapore Airlines ranked first, second and third, respectively, in the Global Airline Rankings 2013.

surf Sumatra

“With the successes that were achieved over the past few years, Garuda Indonesia had made a quantum leap to develop and dominate the Indonesian aviation market,” he asserted. Its strategies to boost growth include expansion, fleet rejuvenation, brand strengthening, improvement of its product and service quality, efficiency in cost structure and improvement of the human resources quality and quantity.

In 2014, Garuda Indonesia had set a target to serve 30 million passengers, an increase from 25 million passengers who flew with Garuda in 2013.

“We target an increase of 15-20 percent in 2014,” Emirsyah Satar stated.

Garuda booked an operational income of US$3.72 billion in 2013, up seven percent from the previous year. However, Garuda recorded a decrease in its profit from US$168.1 million in 2012 to US$56.4 million last year, because of its investments in fleet expansion and Citilink as a low-cost carrier. The seat load factor (SLF) in 2013 marginally dropped to 74.1 percent from 75.9 percent in the previous year.

Indonesia orangutan conservation

“The performance of Garuda in 2013 was severely affected by the rupiah depreciation and high growth as well as investments on improving the airlines position in the future,” he explained.

In the first quarter of last year, Garuda expanded flight networking to six new international routes to Europe and the Middle East–Frankfurt, Brussels, Milan, Dusseldorf, Munich, and Bahrain–served by Ettihad Airways. In the second quarter, Garuda signed a funding agreement for two jetliners B777-300ER using the Syariah (Islamic law) principle and paid syndicated debts worth US$55 million, which was a commercial loan from Citi Club Deal. In the third quarter, Garuda paid debts of US$75 million from Indonesia Exim Bank.

Expanding its businesses, the airlines started flying to nine domestic destinations and 25 domestic routes that contribute to an 80 percent increase in its domestic flights per day. It also plans to open three new international destinations in 2014. “The new international flight destinations were London, England; Manila, the Philippines; and Mumbai, India,” Emirsyah Satar said.

Flores Indonesia

Last year, Garuda Indonesia had opened two international destinations and six international routes. The new routes were expected to develop and to strengthen the airline’s flight network as well as to meet the anticipated increase in the number of airline passengers.

The airline until the end of 2013 had 140 airplane, consisting of 23 company-owned ones and 117 leased ones. Of the total, 30 airplane were operated by Citilink, its subsidiary, with 25 leased and five company-owned airplane. He pointed out that Garuda’s aircraft were younger, from mostly 6.5 years old in 2011 to 5.8 years old in 2012.

To support its flights to new routes, Garuda planned to increase its fleet from 140 at the end of 2013 to 169 planes by the end of this year.

“We will increase our fleet to 169 in 2014,” Garudas CEO Satar said. “We will increase the number of our airplanes prudently based on growth,” he added.

Indonesia Travel Guide

Indeed, the aviation sector in the Asia-Pacific region, including Indonesia, according to Airbus research, was the fastest-growing market and was expected to need 11 thousand airplanes in the next 20 years.

“There was no doubt that the Asia Pacific market was important currently as well as in the future,” Airbus chief operating officer John Leahy said in a written statement on April 1, 2014.

In view of that, he stated that Airbus will continue dominating sales in the region because the company had the type of aircraft needed by airline companies in the region. He asserted that various airline companies in the Asia-Pacific region will receive 10,940 passenger and cargo airplanes from 2013 until 2032, worth a total of US$1.8 trillion.

“This represented 37 percent of the total deliveries across the world in the next 20 years surpassing those for Europe, North America and the Middle East,” he added.

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Regionally, Garuda Indonesia was ready to compete in a free market after the implementation of the Asean Economic Community (AEC) in 2015.

“Garuda Indonesia had prepared itself with marketing and operational strategies,” General Manager of Garuda Indonesia for Manado branch Piktor Sitohang said.

Garuda’s subsidiary budget airline Citilink had also expanded its operation internationally by launching its first international flight service from Surabaya in East Java, Indonesia, to Johor Baru, Malaysia, recently. Citilink also planned to serve the routes between Surabaya and Kuala Lumpur next month, Singapore in May and later Hong Kong, Taipei and Perth.

The airline hoped to facilitate transport for migrant workers, tourists and other passengers to those cities, Citilink CEO Arif Wibowo said recently. Arif said Citilink hoped to fly 800,000 Indonesian migrant workers to and from the five cities a year.

Citilink operates a fleet of 24 units of the latest series of Airbus A320, including two units of the Sharklets type, to serve 32 domestic routes.

Source: http://www.antaranews.com/en/news/93502/garuda-indonesia-sets-ambitious-target-in-2014

Indonesia tourism marketing and public relations firm

Crossbow Communications specializes in international marketing, issue management and public affairs. Indonesia is one of our regions of expertise. Our President and founder is the author of the Language and Travel Guide to Indonesia. Please contact Gary Chandler at gary@crossbow1.com. Visit Indonesia.

Language and Travel Guide To Indonesia

Indonesia’s Tourism Minister Hosts World Leaders

Global Showcase For Indonesia Tourism

To promote Indonesia’s many tourist destinations, diverse cultures and investment possibilities, Indonesia’s Minister for Tourism and the Creative Economy, Mari Elka Pangestu, hosted an Indonesian Night in conjunction with the prestigious World Economic Forum (WEF) ongoing in Doha, Switzerland, on Thursday 23 January 2014.
Speaking to the press, Minister Mari Pangestu said that Indonesia’s wealth and variety in culinary presentations as well as traditional and contemporary music are exceptional, reports Kompas daily.

Sumatra tiger conservation

The highlight of the evening were dramatic dances from Bali, while guests were served Indonesia’s most popular dishes of nasi goreng (fried rice) and rendang – voted the most Delicious Food in the World by CNN viewers in 2011. As souvenirs, the 500 invitees were given special hand-woven cloths from the islands of East Nusatenggara.

Indonesia orangutan conservation

WEF Chief Executive Officer and founder of WEF, Klaus Schwab told reporters: It was a wonderful evening and I especially enjoyed the food.”

An Indonesian Night has been held at every WEF since 2011. Minister Mari stated that WEF is a very important opportunity to create networks with delegates in order to explain Indonesia’s many tourism potentials, including that in investments and business. Besides meeting the press, Minister Mari also met informally with many tour operators.

Mt. Bromo Java Indonesia

Source: http://www.eturbonews.com/42156/indonesia-s-tourism-minister-hosts-indonesia-night-wef-doha

Indonesia tourism marketing and public relations firm

Crossbow Communications specializes in international marketing, issue management and public affairs. Indonesia is one of our regions of expertise. Our President and founder is the author of the Language and Travel Guide to Indonesia. Please contact Gary Chandler at gary@crossbow1.com. Visit Indonesia.

Language and Travel Guide To Indonesia

Bali Expects More Tourists From China

Bali A Top Destination For Asians

Bali will likely welcome more Chinese tourists this year, thanks to a new direct flight by Hainan Airline starting mid-January. The upcoming Chinese New Year will also cause a rise in Chinese visitors until early next month, as many will vacation on the island.

According to Indonesia’s official tourism website, run by the Tourism and Creative Economy Ministry, Hainan Airline — China’s fourth largest airline — will launch regular flights, three times a week, between Beijing and Bali on Jan. 15.

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The flight serving the Bali route will operate every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

The trip from Beijing to Bali will take around seven-and-a-half hours, the shortest time from northern China to Bali. Bambang Sugiono, a member of the Association of Indonesian Tour and Travel Agencies (ASITA) focusing on serving Chinese tourists, said Monday that the flight would contribute significantly to Chinese tourist arrivals, which is already high at present.

Chinese tourists unable to get tickets for direct flights were willing to take indirect flights via Jakarta. He estimated that the number of Chinese tourists flying to Bali could be as high as 1,000 per day. In operating this new flight, Hainan Airline is partnering with Caissa Touristic (Group) AG, which will offer unique packages for Chinese tourists to enjoy the island’s beauty, as well as its unique culture.

surf Sumatra

On the inaugural flight, Chinese mainstream media consisting of TV channels, radio stations, websites and newspapers, will be invited, staying in Bali for one week to explore various attractions on the island and in surrounding areas.

The flights are expected to generate 30,000 Chinese tourists. According to the National Statistics Bureau of China, each tourist is expected to spend on average US$3,000. Therefore, with this new flight, Chinese tourists will contribute around $90 million to Bali and other destinations in Indonesia.

During the period January to November last year, Bali welcomed 361,311 Chinese tourists, an increase of 9.68 percent from the 329,425 tourists during the same period in 2012, data from the Bali office of the Central Statistics Bureau (BPS) showed. China ranked second after Australia for foreign tourist arrivals to the province.

Monkey Forest Ubud

Tourism businessman Bagus Sudibya welcomed the new direct flight, saying it indicated that Bali remained a very attractive market for China. He said China continued to have potential for Bali’s tourism, as many of the Chinese people visiting Bali had high spending and a length of stay of between five to seven days.

However, he regretted that many travel agents/tour operators sold tour packages to Bali at a very low price.

“Bali shouldn’t be sold at a cheap price. The tour packages should have been offered at higher prices, so that the high arrival of Chinese tourists really provided a significant contribution for Bali,” he said.

Source: http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/01/07/more-chinese-tourists-expected.html

Indonesia tourism marketing and public relations firm

Crossbow Communications specializes in international marketing, issue management and public affairs. Indonesia is one of our regions of expertise. Our President and founder is the author of the Language and Travel Guide to Indonesia. Please contact Gary Chandler at gary@crossbow1.com. Visit Indonesia.

Language and Travel Guide To Indonesia